is an assistant professor of international relations at the Getúlio Vargas Foundation in São Paulo, where he coordinates the School of History and Social Science. He is also a non-resident fellow at the Global Public Policy Institute in Berlin and a member of the Carnegie Rising...
- Africa’s pre-eminent peacemaker? An appraisal of South Africa’s peacemaking role in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Milfrid Tonheim , Gerrie Swart , 6 February 2015
- African development: what role do the rising powers play?
Elling N. Tjønneland , 23 January 2015
- Conflicting dilemmas: economic growth, natural resources and indigenous populations in South America
María A. Guzmán-Gallegos , 3 November 2014
- Brazil’s involvement in peacekeeping operations: the new defence-security-foreign policy nexus
Monica Hirst , Reginaldo Mattar Nasser , 30 September 2014
- The discursive articulation of the concept of the “rising power”: perceptions, stances and interests in Brazil, Russia and Turkey
Licínia Simão , Teresa Almeida Cravo , André Barrinha , Reginaldo Mattar Nasser , 24 September 2014
- South America’s economic and political landscape: recent developments and trends
Alcides Costa Vaz , 17 September 2014
- Israel and the BRICS
Yossi Alpher , 16 September 2014
Why Brazil has not criticised Russia over Crimea
Oliver Stuenkel , 27 May 2014
Emerging powers frequently stress the importance of sovereignty and the inviolability of international law. As a consequence, many Western observers expected that emerging powers such as Brazil would be quick to condemn Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Yet Brazil remained neutral and abstained from the UN General Assembly resolution that criticised Russia. Together with the other BRICS countries, it opposed suggestions to exclude Russia from the G-20, thus markedly reducing the effectiveness of Western attempts to isolate President Putin. Brazil’s unwillingness to criticise Russia may have less to do with its opinion on Russia’s annexation of Crimea per se and more to do with Brasília’s scepticism of Western attempts to turn Russia into an international pariah. From Brasilia’s perspective, pushing countries against the wall is rarely the most constructive approach. In addition, many in Brazil are wary of a global order that privileges the U.S. and allows it to flout many norms that apply to everyone else, arguing that these double standards are far more damaging to international order than any Russian policy. Finally, Russia annexed Crimea at a time when anti-Americanism around the world still runs high as a consequence of the NSA spying scandals, making alignment with U.S. positions politically costly at home.